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Task 64


E-fuels and end-use perspectives

Purpose and Objectives

The focus within the e-fuels task is an informative exchange on the production and application of different e-fuels as well as the corresponding regulatory framework and standards. The output of the task is a concise report answering the following questions:

Demo sites / Pilot programmes:
  • Which demo sites focusing on the development and improvement of e-fuel production technologies exist in the participating countries? Which production pathways are investigated? Which case studies are developed and evaluated?
  • What were the chosen technology routes and what is their state of development?
  • Which technical challenges were faced in the demonstration plants?
Resources: CO2 and H2:
  • Which resources of CO2 are promising in key countries?
  • What renewable power for hydrogen production is considered promising for the production of e-fuels in the different countries?
Application side:
  • Which experiences were made in the application of e-fuels with special regard to the use of e-fuels in the aviation and maritime sector as well as in road transportation?
  • Which e-fuels are regarded promising in which sectors (technically as well as cost wise)? Which of these should be prioritised?
  • Which challenges in the use of e-fuels arise?
Regulations and standards:
  • Which norms, standards and/or regulations for the application of e-fuels exist in the different countries?
  • What experiences have been made in dealing with regulations and policies at demo sites?
  • Are there regulations concerning decarbonisation which could foster the implementation of e-fuels on the market? What incentives will be available in different countries to promote e-fuel production and utilization?
Techno-economic evaluations (TEE) and Life-cycle assessments (LCA) / Well-to-wheel (WTW):
  • What are the costs of the different e-fuel production in the different countries?
  • What costs arise on the application side when switching to e-fuels?
  • What kind of methodologies for TEE, LCA and WTW are used in the different countries/regions (e.g. REDII in EU)?
  • What are the net GHG effects of e-fuel production and utilization?
  • What is the result of other sustainability evaluations related to air pollutant emissions and water consumption?

Based on these questions and topics, workshops are organised in which key messages and joint conclusions are formulated. These will be incorporated into a final report, which will provide an overview of ongoing activities worldwide as well as past and present technical, economic and regulatory challenges and best practice examples. Next to information sharing, the report is to support a raise in awareness concerning the importance and the global activities in the e-fuels field.


In the E-fuels task, workshops / virtual meetings are held four times a year on specific issues and (if possible) pilot plants are visited. The output of each workshop / meeting is a summary of common findings, which are then included in the final report. At the end of the task, a web seminar is held at which the main findings are presented.

The duration of the task is two years. Within these two years, the following activities are planned:

  • Task management
    • Preparation of task documentation
    • Facilitation of information exchange between task participants
    • Progress reports at ExCo meetings
    • Contributions to the AMF Annual Report
    • Preparation of final report (with individual contributions of the participants)
    • Printing of final report (if desired)
    • Preparation of key messages
  • Task meetings
  • Workshops / virtual meetings on different topics in which the participating countries can contribute their expertise and gain knowledge. Depending on the topic of the workshop, stakeholders could be involved through hybrid / virtual events to reach more people. In total: 
    • Three face-to-face workshops combined with visitations of pilot plants (depending on the Covid development), combined with the AMF ExCo meetings
    • Four virtual meetings

The workshops / meetings will include an inventory of ongoing and past demonstration projects around the world, as well as examples of good practice and case studies. They include individual contributions of the participants to the work scope.

  • One public web-seminar at the end of the task to present the key findings.
  • Concise report on the key findings of the workshops including an introduction part and take home messages.
  • Final report outline (including abstract or summary) and individual contributions
  • In-depth review of final report through task participants

Expected Results

Key messages and shared insights will be formulated from each workshop, which will then serve as the basis for the final summary report and the public web seminar.

Therefore, the following results are available at the end of the task:

  • Concise final report
  • Key messages
  • Web seminar
  • Conclusion points and key messages from each workshop


Project Duration

May 2022 - April 2024


   Task Sharing

   Cost Sharing


Brazil, China, Denmark, Finland, Germany, Japan (AIST), Switzerland, USA


Total Budget

EUR 200.000

Task Manager

Zoe Stadler
OST - Ostschweizer Fachhochschule