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IEA Report: The Future of Trucks

This report was prepared in the Directorate of Sustainability, Technology and Outlooks of the International Energy Agency. Most important results are:

  • Road freight vehicles are a key enabler of global economic activity and play an essential role in delivering all types of goods or commodities from their points of production to the factories and industries that use or transform them, or to their final points of sale.
  • Road freight vehicles are a central source of global oil demand today: at around 17 million barrels per day (mb/d), oil demand from road freight vehicles accounts for around 1/5 of global oil demand – equivalent to the current oil production of the US and Canada combined.
  • Without policy efforts, oil demand from road freight vehicles is set to rise by 5 mb/d to 2050.
  • Reducing future growth of oil demand from road freight vehicles is a challenging, but possible task; opportunities arise from three main areas (systemic improvements, vehicle efficiency technologies and other measures, including autonomous trucks
  • In the Modern Truck Scenario, targeted efforts to modernise road freight transport reduces oil demand from road freight vehicles by nearly 16 mb/d by 2050.  
  • Not all elements of the Modern Truck Scenario are easily implemented, but there are three key enablers that present important near-term energy policy opportunities.

Download: https://www.iea.org/publications/freepublications/publication/TheFutureofTrucksImplicationsforEnergyandtheEnvironment.pdf